Neighboring Beijing Exhibition Hall and Moscow Restaurant, in Xicheng District of Beijing, Beijing Zoo’s history spans of over 100 years, and it was initially built in the 23rd year (1906) of Emperor Guangxu’s reign during the Qing dynasty with its original name of Agriculture Proving Ground, which changes to Natural Museum to Ten-Thousand Animal Garden to Western Suburb Garden over time, boasting the earliest zoo in China with the most animal collection.
Beijing Zoo was known as an imperial mansion during the early Qing dynasty, privately owned by a high official called Fukanganbeizi, when it was composed of Leshan Garden in the east and Ke Garden in the west. The two gardens were combined as one later with some rare animals well kept, hence its name Ten-Thousand Animal Garden, which was thoroughly renovated and renamed Beijing Zoo after the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, and it occupies an area of 50 hectares, 1/10 of which is construction area and 1/12 playing ground for animals.
More specially, each species of animal has its own hall, which varies from one to another, including Rhino Hall, Hippo Hall, Liger Hill, Bear Hill, Monkey Hill, Deer Garden, Elephant Hall, Antelope Hall, Giraffe Hall, Panda Hall, Gorilla Hall, Sea Lion Hall, Amphibian & Reptile Hall and Song Bird Hall. According to statistics by Beijing Zoo, over 5,000 animals of more than 500 species make their homes here, among which there are giant pandas, golden monkeys, Northeast China tiger and red -crowned cranes from China, chimpanzees from Africa, kangaroos from Australia, cow-fishes form Mexico.
As a two-storied building with 90 exhibit boxes, the Amphibian & Reptile Hall holds more than 100 animal species imported various countries, including the biggest crocodile in the world - Earnestine Crocodile, and a huge python is exhibited in the center of the hall, which wows visitors form time to time.
In Addition, the steams, rockeries, paths and flowers are available in the zoo as well as Children’s Paradise, restaurants and stalls, and Beijing Zoo has become a national AAAA-level scenic area one of the Top 10 Zoos in China.
Author: Yang Qingwei