Xian Terracotta Army (or Terra Cotta Warriors) is the pride of the Chinese people as well as the common wealth of all human beings, and it’s praised as the 8th wonder of the world. Situated at Xiahe Village, 5 km east of Lintong County, Xian, the Terracotta Army was initially discovered by the local peasants in 1974, which is 1,225 m away from the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (the first emperor of China), and it’s the largest pit cluster for the persons buried alive with the emperors ever discovered in ancient China.
The terra cotta warriors buried in the pits are an epitome of the powerful Qin army, which are arranged in 3 pits, namely, Pit One, Pit Two and Pit Three. The three pits cover an area of 20,000 square meters in all, where over 8,000 life-sized terracotta warriors and horses are buried as well as over 10,000 weapons.As a matter of fact, the terracotta army and horse are lined in an ancient military battle formation. Pit One is actually a rectangular formation, which is composed of over 6,000 pieces of terra cotta warriors and horses and 40 war chariots, and Pit Two is a combining formation of over 900 terra cotta warriors, 89 war chariots, 456 terracotta horses. Pit Three accommodates 68 pieces of terra cotta warriors, 4 terracotta horses and one terracotta chariot, and it served as the headquarters among the three pits.
The terra cotta warriors are divided into various groups according to their social statuses.
The Terracotta army fully shows the intelligence of the ancient Chinese people and China’s great contribution to the world civilization, which is favored by visitors from all over the globe, so it was listed among the world heritage sites by the UNESCO in 1987.