The Chinese language branch has been long a controversial topic in academia in the world, and two schools come out when it comes to the issue, of which one argue that the Chinese language has only one form –mandarin. However, the other claims that the Chinese language also includes Wu Dialect, Min Dialect, Southern Fujian Dialect, Cantonese, Hakka and Gan Dialect besides mandarin. Most Chinese scholars support the former, while most western scholars favor the latter.
Various forms of mandarins come into being in China owing to the regional differences, highlighted by Northern China Mandarin, Northwestern China Mandarin, Southwestern China Mandarin and Jianghuai Mandarin. The Northern China Mandarin is the dominating branch of the modern Chinese language and represented by Beijing dialect, Northwestern China Mandarin is represented by Xian dialect, Southwestern China Mandarin Chengdu dialect and Jianghuai Mandarin Yangzhou dialect.
Wu dialect is mainly spoken in Southern Jiangsu, Southern Anhui, Zhejiang and Shanghai, which is represented by Suzhou dialect, and the Wu dialect speakers comprise circa 30% of the Chinese population.
Min dialect is represented by Xiamen dialect, with its speakers mainly distributed in Fujian, Hainan, Eastern Guangdong, Taiwan, Southern Zhejiang, Philippine, Singapore and Malaysia.
Southern Fujian Dialect
The Southern Fujian Dialect is highlighted by Quanzhou dialect and Zhangzhou dialect, which also includes Hainan dialect and Chaozhou dialect in a broader sense, with its speakers taking up roughly 4.2% of the Chinese population.
Represented by Guangzhou dialect, Cantonese is widely spoken among people from Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong, Macau and the Overseas, whose speakers is about 5% of the Chinese population.
Hakka is mainly spoken in Eastern and Northern Guangdong, Western Fujian, Southern Jiangxi and Southeastern Guangxi and represented by Meixian dialect, and the number of Hakka speakers represents approximately 5% of the Chinese population.
Also known as Jiangzuo dialect, Gan dialect is represented by Nanchang dialect and mainly spoken in Jiangxi, Eastern Hunan and Southwestern Anhui, whose speakers make up 6% of the whole Chinese population or so.