Chinese Culture is a dynamic conception in itself and involves a process of historical development, which includes the time-honored traditional Chinese culture as well as the modern Chinese culture.
The traditional Chinese culture takes Confucianism as center and the “Goodness” & “Practicing Righteousness”vas goal, and it’s a huge system covering politics, economy and military affairs, whose importance is self-evident in shaping the spirit of Chinese people. The modern Chinese culture is an all-embracing culture. In addition, Taoist and Buddhist culture have substantial influences in some parts of China as well.
As the precious crystallization of history of China, the traditional Chinese culture fully reflects the Chinese nation’s ideology, aesthetic values, spirit and humanistic ideal. The traditional Chinese Culture is created by the ancient Chinese and passed down from one generation to another, which is broad and profound with a long history.
Confucianism is the mainstream of the traditional Chinese culture for over 2,000 years, dominated in ancient Chinese official ideology, which is deeply rooted in the Chinese people’s spirit and has a deep and extensive impact on modern China. The traditional Chinese culture is has distinct era, ethnic and regional characteristics.
Not only does the traditional Chinese culture contain the Confucian and Taoist thinking, but it also absorbs Buddhist thinking to enrich itself, fully demonstrating its all-embracing spirit.
A number of ethnic groups contended for territory and throne in ancient China, which is followed by a series of battles and wars, resulting in the ethnic reunification to a certain extent. Each group, though living together with other ethnic group, preserved its own unique folk customs and beliefs later, resulting in the diversified culture.
China is in eastern Asia, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean with a long coastline and many natural harbors, and it has the advantages of both land and sea. The northwest and east of were dominated by the nomadic area and the agricultural area respectively, resulting in the complementation of the nomadic culture and the traditional agricultural culture. The ancient Chinese society was actually dominated by agricultural culture, and the Chinese rulers from all dynasties always give prominence to agriculture instead of business, which helps form the rich and varied culture from one region to another.